HESI A2 Vocabulary Practice Test

Below is our free HESI A2 Vocabulary practice test. Make sure you do a lot of HESI Vocabulary practice before you take your exam. There are a wide variety of words that will be tested, including many medical terms. Many of the questions present the word in the context of a sentence, which makes is easier to figure out. If you are not sure about a word, just make your best guess.

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Question 1
Select the meaning of the underlined word in the sentence.

The patient’s stomach appeared distended, and the physician decided to order an ultrasound.

A
bloated
B
weeping
C
sponge-like
D
robust
Question 2
What is the best description for the word therapeutic?

A
understanding
B
remedial
C
palliative
D
concurrent
Question 3
Select the meaning of the underlined word in the sentence.

When the lab work returned, it appeared that the patient’s hematologic values were abnormal.

A
circumference
B
blood
C
immune system
D
circulatory
Question 4
Which word means “to happen again”?

A
tended
B
recommended
C
follow
D
recur
Question 5
What word meaning “to complete or enhance when added” fits best in the sentence?

In order to retain weight and maintain a good nutritional status, the doctor wanted the patient to ________ his diet with additional foods containing protein.

A
template
B
blend
C
continue
D
supplement
Question 6
Select the meaning of the underlined word in the sentence.

The medication was ordered to be given as a sublingual dose.

A
oral
B
by mouth
C
under the tongue
D
rectally
Question 7
What is the best description for the word retain?

A
eliminate
B
keep
C
despair
D
eject
Question 8
Select the meaning of the underlined word in the sentence.

The patient appeared flushed with fever, which had risen to 101.3 degrees.

A
clouded
B
reddened
C
blackened
D
annihilated
Question 9
What word meaning “to make things worse” fits best in the sentence?

The doctor had prescribed an antibiotic to cure the patient’s infection, which had ______ matters by causing a pruritic rash.

A
exacerbated
B
exhilarated
C
augmented
D
mistreated
Question 10
Select the correct definition of the underlined word in the sentence.

The nurse practitioner was having trouble getting IV access in the patient’s arm.

A
control
B
protocol
C
entry
D
permission
Question 11
Select the meaning of the underlined word in the sentence.

The medication could cause a burning sensation, so the pharmacy technician diluted it with normal saline.

A
potentiated
B
poisoned
C
weakened
D
glorified
Question 12
What is the best description for the word latent?

A
hidden
B
active
C
revealed
D
courageous
Question 13
The nurse noted in the chart, “The patient was rational when he decided to agree to the necessary surgery.” Describe the patient’s behavior.

A
jarring
B
daring
C
reasonable
D
exemplary
Question 14
Select the meaning of the underlined word in the sentence.

The preexisting condition was covered by insurance, and the patient did not have to pay for surgery.

A
juxtaposing
B
false
C
negligible
D
exist beforehand
Question 15
Ominous is best defined as:

A
clarifying
B
portentous
C
sensuous
D
demanding
Question 16
Select the meaning of the underlined word in the sentence.

The manifestation of a rash on the patient’s skin indicated that he was allergic.

A
shirking
B
appearance
C
donning
D
acquiescence
Question 17
What is the best description for the term volume?

A
The quantitative measurement of a liquid.
B
The force exerted on any object by gravity.
C
The measurement of something from end to end.
D
The number of unit squares equal in measure to the surface.
Question 18
Select the word or phrase that will make the sentence grammatically correct.

The nurse asked the assistant if she would ______ the bandage.

A
conform
B
erect
C
apply
D
administer
Question 19
Select the meaning of the underlined word in the sentence.

The girl hadn’t eaten properly for weeks; her cheekbones were nearly concave in shape.

A
extended
B
extinguished
C
bowed inward
D
bulging
Question 20
Compensatory is best described as ________.

A
corrective
B
sociable
C
beleaguered
D
courteous
Question 21
Select the meaning of the underlined word in the sentence.

The doctors who were participating in rounds wanted to know the patient’s status as of this morning.

A
bias
B
peak
C
condition
D
cognizance
Question 22
Select the meaning of the underlined word in the sentence.

In what appeared to be a paroxysmal reaction, the medication only seemed to make the patient’s spasms worse.

A
unprecedented
B
sudden
C
ironic
D
curved
Question 23
Select the meaning of the underlined word in the sentence.

The nurse manager lectured the RNs that they would each be held accountable for their actions.

A
scrupulously
B
heartened
C
liable
D
acquainted
Question 24
Select the word that means “to urinate.”

A
void
B
eliminate
C
evacuate
D
divert
Question 25
Primary is best defined as:

A
subtle
B
following
C
first
D
aimless
Question 26
What word meaning “to bind or inhibit” fits best in the sentence?

The doctor gave an order to ________ the patient as necessary in order to keep the patient from hurting himself.

A
focus
B
correlate
C
caress
D
restrict
Question 27
Select the best meaning of the underlined word in the sentence.

The musculoskeletal system is expansive and is one of the first body systems to feel the effects of age.

A
muscles and bones
B
muscles and ligaments
C
bones and ligaments
D
muscles and organ tissues
Question 28
Gender is best described as ______.

A
applying
B
sex
C
shape
D
predilection
Question 29
Select the meaning of the underlined word in the sentence.

The patient’s neurovascular system was compromised and he fainted.

A
relating to the vascular system and blood flow
B
relating to the nerves and especially their effect on blood flow
C
relating to the nerves only
D
relating to an uninhibited section of the body
Question 30
Select the correct definition of the underlined word in the sentence.

The toddler’s ultrasound contained possible foreign bodies in his abdominal cavity.

A
cavern
B
container
C
empty or hollow space
D
defined area
Question 31
Select the meaning of the underlined word in the sentence.

The nurse made sure to depress the drainage bulb so that it would begin applying suction pressure immediately.

A
compress
B
liquefy
C
clarify
D
encourage
Question 32
Select the word or phrase that will make the sentence grammatically correct.

The patient was ________ to aspiration, and that’s why they made sure he was sitting upright for dinner.

A
weakened
B
suspected
C
predisposed
D
easy
Question 33
What is the best description for the word elevate?

A
rectify
B
elucidate
C
lift
D
plead
Question 34
The patient seemed nervous now that the impending surgery date was confirmed. When is the surgery most likely to happen out of the following choices?

A
soon
B
next year
C
within ten years
D
never
Question 35
What word meaning “obvious or visible” fits best in the sentence?

The doctor had put his              opinion in the plainest language possible; there was nothing more to be done for the patient besides comfort care.

A
professional
B
condoned
C
single
D
overt
Question 36
Select the meaning of the underlined word in the sentence.

The nurse reminded the patient that he was ordered to be on strict bed rest until the doctor said otherwise.

A
lackadaisical
B
absolute
C
shifting
D
lax
Question 37
What is the best description for the term pathology?

A
the study of the disease process
B
the existence of disease
C
the carelessness of infection prevention
D
the maintenance of chronic diseases
Question 38
Select the meaning of the underlined word in the sentence.

The labored respirations of the patient began to be far and few between as he slipped peacefully toward death.

A
undertakings
B
journey
C
breathing
D
struggling
Question 39
Select the meaning of the underlined word in the sentence.

The nurse checked that the tube was patent before she connected the patient’s next feeding.

A
closed
B
open
C
available
D
hidden
Question 40
What word meaning “sudden and possibly unexpected” fits best in the sentence?

Although the nursing unit did their best to care for the patient, he passed away in a/n ______ manner when his heart stopped.

A
violent
B
abrupt
C
contained
D
ordered
Question 41
Select the meaning of the underlined word in the sentence.

The patient decided to abstain from alcohol for the rest of his life, which his family agreed was for the better.

A
allow
B
hide
C
forgo
D
indulge
Question 42
What is the best description for the word comply?

A
to argue loudly
B
to soften or make malleable
C
to reluctantly agree
D
to follow instructions willingly
Question 43
Select the word that means “important.”

A
vital
B
corrective
C
instigative
D
diversional
Question 44
Oral is best defined as:

A
audible
B
constitutive
C
significant
D
by mouth
Question 45
What word meaning “to absorb or intake” fits best in the sentence?

The patient was brought to the emergency room because he had a planned to ______ a lethal amount of Tylenol.

A
inject
B
ingest
C
build
D
summarize
Question 46
Select the meaning of the underlined word in the sentence.

The patient’s exacerbation of sickle cell disease was worsened due to his poor hydration status.

A
water balance
B
nutritional status
C
financial situation
D
emotional stability
Question 47
Select the best meaning of the underlined word in the sentence.

Peristalsis is a function of the gastrointestinal system that is performed by nerve cells.

A
of or relating to the cranial nerves
B
of or relating to the pharynx, oesophagus, stomach, intestines, and anus
C
of or relating to the autonomic nervous system
D
of or relating to the colon only
Question 48
Flaccid is best described as ______.

A
toned
B
limp
C
rotted
D
amused
Question 49
Select the meaning of the underlined word in the sentence.

The drainage coming from the wound had the consistency of mucus but looked like blood.

A
variation
B
aroma
C
texture
D
erraticism
Question 50
Select the correct definition of the underlined word in the sentence.

The patient demonstrated a neurological deficit he had not shown prior to the accident.

A
ability
B
shortfall
C
error
D
concurrence
Question 51
What is the best description for the word defecate?

A
to have a bowel movement
B
to surrender to an opposing side
C
to conquer in battle
D
to strain
Question 52
Select the word or phrase that will make the sentence grammatically correct.

The stroke had a/n _______ on the patient’s ability to move her right arm.

A
affect
B
effect
C
inference
D
innuendo
Question 53
What is the best description for the word nutrient?

A
substance
B
energy
C
program
D
food
Question 54
Soon after the surgery, the patient found he had to suppress the urge to vomit. What does “suppress” mean in this context?

A
correct
B
exemplify
C
counter
D
antagonize
Question 55
What word meaning “heart” fits best in the sentence?

The doctor’s report indicated that the patient’s _______ status was at risk from the medications he was taking.

A
musculoskeletal
B
pancreatic
C
cholecystic
D
cardiac
Question 56
Select the meaning of the underlined word in the sentence.

The nurse knew her shift would cease at 0730 and she would be able to go home.

A
end
B
prolong
C
continue
D
succeed
Question 57
Select the meaning of the underlined word in the sentence.

The patient’s health appeared to be contingent on her taking the medications.

A
erroneous
B
contagious
C
dependent
D
reliable
Question 58
What is the best description for the term fatigue?

A
energy level
B
exhaustion
C
correction
D
motivation
Question 59
Select the meaning of the underlined word in the sentence.

Gloves are a required precaution when dealing with blood and other bodily fluids.

A
recommendation
B
situation
C
safeguard
D
accommodation
Question 60
What word meaning “issues or characteristics” fits best in the sentence?

Although the patient tested positive for mononucleosis, she showed no _______.

A
aftereffects
B
disappointment
C
symptoms
D
lethargy
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